The research initiative "Developmental Disorders of Scholastic Skills" (Entwicklungsstörungen schulischer Fähigkeiten - ESF) is a programme, set in place by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung - BMBF), to promote empiric educational research.

This research initiative supports empirically orientated research-projects that contribute to giving children, adolescents and adults who are affected by disorders in the area of reading, spelling and calculating, an individual, cause-related diagnosis and an evidence-based support.

In the first funding period (2010-2013), there were twelve projects involved nationwide. In the current second funding period (2014-2017) the BMBF supports eight projects.

The coordinating body ESF provides the organisational and technical conditions for professional communication and collaboration between the funded projects in the area of "cause-related individual diagnosis and intervention for specific developmental disorders of scholastic skills" in the context of the initiative of the BMBF to promote empirical educational research.